[Cite as http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/442981]
A/Pr Dale Nyholt
Prof Grant Montgomery
Brief description Typical migraine, is a frequent, debilitating and painful disorder that normally affects people during their most productive years (25% of females and 7.5% of males). The World Health Organization recently identified migraine among the world's top 20 leading causes of disability, with an impact that extends far beyond the suffering individual, to the family and community. Although migraine is highly prevalent in our society, its aetiology remains relatively obscure and there are no laboratory based diagnostic tests that identify those who suffer from the disorder. Twin studies indicate that migraine has a significant genetic component, with heritability estimates of 33-65%. Therefore, in an effort to identify the molecular mechanisms underlying the disorder, we have been looking for genomic regions co-inherited (linked) with migraine. The resulting genome-wide linkage scan involving 756 Australian families found significant evidence for the presence of a novel migraine gene on chromosome 5q21 and highly suggestive evidence for a gene on chromosome 10q22. Importantly, we recently replicated linkage to the 5q21 and 10q22 regions in an independent collection of Australian migraine families. Consequently, these regions hold great promise for identifying migraine susceptibility genes in our sample. Using a bioinformatics computer-assisted search of public databases we have ranked the potential candidature of the genes within the 5q21 and 10q22 regions This project will screen the top 21 candidate genes in 768 cases and 768 controls highly selected for the presence and absence of familial migraine, respectively. Our proposed association screen of high priority genes in two strongly implicated regions has high power to identify genes underlying common migraine susceptibility. Such genes will provide clues to the further elucidation of the complex molecular pathways of migraine and , finally, will help in the development of diagnostic tests and rational treatment strategies.
Funding Amount $AUD 187,521.30
Funding Scheme NHMRC Project Grants
Standard Project Grant