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Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) versus Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Food Cravings in Overweight and Obese Adults

Bond University
Peta Stapleton (Manages)
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ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Adc&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2FANDS&rft_id=http://epublications.bond.edu.au/data/17/&rft.title=Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) versus Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Food Cravings in Overweight and Obese Adults&rft.identifier=http://epublications.bond.edu.au/data/17/&rft.publisher=Bond University&rft.description=Obesity is a chronic disease estimated to account for between 0.7% and 2.8% of a country's total healthcare expenditures (Withrow & Alter, 2010). Food cravings frequently lead to consumption of the craved food (Hill & Heaton-Brown, 1994), are positively correlated with BMI (Delahanty, Meigs, Hayden, Williamson, & Nathan, 2002; Franken & Muris, 2005) and obese adults report preferences for high fat foods (Drewnowski et al., 1985), therefore addressing these cravings in treatment is paramount.This study will examine treatment of food cravings in overweight or obese adults. Food craving is hypothesised to be an important intervening causal variable in the development of obesity. Research examining meridian-based procedures (e.g. Emotional Freedom Techniques, EFT) for food cravings has recently found significant improvements occurred in weight, body mass index, food cravings, subjective power of food, craving restraint and psychological coping for participants from pre- to 12-months after a 4-week treatment (p<0.05). This randomised clinical trial intends to extend this work and compare EFT treatment for food cravings, with a gold standard treatment strategy, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), in addition to a control group. The addition of meridian-based procedures using acupressure points (e.g. Emotional Freedom Techniques; EFT) is showing merit when applied to food cravings (Stapleton, Sheldon, Porter and Whitty, 2011; Stapleton, Sheldon & Porter, 2012). However it is yet to be compared to other gold standard treatments for cravings. A small pilot of EFT (N=40) versus Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT, N=7) versus a psycho-education intervention (N=7) versus a waitlist (N=40) indicated through paired sample t-tests that the CBT group resulted in a significant reduction in total food craving pre- to post- a 4-week treatment, and a significant reduction in total food craving and power over food, and increase in restraint ability pre- to post- for the psycho-education group (Stapleton, Sheldon, Porter & Turvey, 2012). One-way ANOVAs however, showed significant differences between groups for total food craving, power over food and restraint ability. Post hoc analyses showed CBT to contribute to explaining one of these differences (total food craving; waitlist versus CBT, p=0.022); the psycho-education group did not reach significance in explaining any differences. The waitlist versus EFT was significant in explaining all three – consistent with the Stapleton, Sheldon, Porter and Whitty (2011, 2012) publications. The benefits of this study will include determining the most effective long-term treatment for food cravings. When this is established it will form an invaluable component of future weight loss programs, as willpower over food cravings is often noted as a difficult issue when people try to lose weight. Data format - Statistics&rft.creator=Anonymous&rft.date=2017&rft_rights=&rft.type=dataset&rft.language=English Go to Data Provider

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Peta_Stapleton@bond.edu.au

Bond University, Gold Coast, Queensland, 4229, Australia.

Brief description

Obesity is a chronic disease estimated to account for between 0.7% and 2.8% of a country's total healthcare expenditures (Withrow & Alter, 2010). Food cravings frequently lead to consumption of the craved food (Hill & Heaton-Brown, 1994), are positively correlated with BMI (Delahanty, Meigs, Hayden, Williamson, & Nathan, 2002; Franken & Muris, 2005) and obese adults report preferences for high fat foods (Drewnowski et al., 1985), therefore addressing these cravings in treatment is paramount.This study will examine treatment of food cravings in overweight or obese adults. Food craving is hypothesised to be an important intervening causal variable in the development of obesity. Research examining meridian-based procedures (e.g. Emotional Freedom Techniques, EFT) for food cravings has recently found significant improvements occurred in weight, body mass index, food cravings, subjective power of food, craving restraint and psychological coping for participants from pre- to 12-months after a 4-week treatment (p<0.05). This randomised clinical trial intends to extend this work and compare EFT treatment for food cravings, with a gold standard treatment strategy, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), in addition to a control group. The addition of meridian-based procedures using acupressure points (e.g. Emotional Freedom Techniques; EFT) is showing merit when applied to food cravings (Stapleton, Sheldon, Porter and Whitty, 2011; Stapleton, Sheldon & Porter, 2012). However it is yet to be compared to other gold standard treatments for cravings. A small pilot of EFT (N=40) versus Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT, N=7) versus a psycho-education intervention (N=7) versus a waitlist (N=40) indicated through paired sample t-tests that the CBT group resulted in a significant reduction in total food craving pre- to post- a 4-week treatment, and a significant reduction in total food craving and power over food, and increase in restraint ability pre- to post- for the psycho-education group (Stapleton, Sheldon, Porter & Turvey, 2012). One-way ANOVAs however, showed significant differences between groups for total food craving, power over food and restraint ability. Post hoc analyses showed CBT to contribute to explaining one of these differences (total food craving; waitlist versus CBT, p=0.022); the psycho-education group did not reach significance in explaining any differences. The waitlist versus EFT was significant in explaining all three – consistent with the Stapleton, Sheldon, Porter and Whitty (2011, 2012) publications. The benefits of this study will include determining the most effective long-term treatment for food cravings. When this is established it will form an invaluable component of future weight loss programs, as willpower over food cravings is often noted as a difficult issue when people try to lose weight.

Data format - Statistics

Created: 2012

Data time period: 2012

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