This collection is the result of an investigation into the backwashing efficiency of polycarbonate (PC) membrane fouled by two types of organic foulants, protein and sodium alginate. In this experiement, polycarbonate (PC) membrane was used to filter those organic foulants from suspensions in a dead-end stirred cell. The organic foulants were stained with fluorescent dyes before filtration. After filtration, the PC membrane was backwashed. Consequently, a stack of images were captured from the fouling layers on the PC membrane surface using confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) and its associated image acquisition software. It contains image data of polycarbonate (PC) membranes' fouling layer when two types of organic foulants (protein and sodium alginate) are present. By comparing with the same membrane without backwashing, the efficiency of backwashing was computed. This data collection would be useful to researchers evaluating the backwashing efficiency of PC membrane in order to optimize frequency and operational conditions of backwashing by membrane materials researchers and by water..