Dataset

Nautical instrument collection

Museum Metadata Exchange
History SA (Managed by)
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ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Adc&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2FANDS&rft_id=http://maritime.historysa.com.au/collections/nautical-instrument-collection&rft.title=Nautical instrument collection&rft.identifier=SAMM 1&rft.publisher=Museum Metadata Exchange&rft.description=This collection of forty nautical instruments were mostly acquired via the Port Adelaide Institute, established in 1876 (later the Port Adelaide Nautical Museum). The collection includes examples from some of the finest and most notable nautical instrument manufacturers from the UK and Australia including Spencer, Browning & Rust, London 1784 to 1840, Troughton & Simms, and British instrument maker Edward Massey who obtained at least six British patents on ship logs and other nautical measuring instruments between 1802 and 1848. The collection also includes instruments from Port Adelaide instrument makers including I C. Piers, first listed in 1879, and Sawtell Opticians, a company operating from the 19th century that manufactured chronometers, compasses, barometers, and telescopes and published nautical almanacs and navigational guides. Many of the instruments are retained in their original purpose built wooden cases.This collection comprises approximately forty nautical instruments dating from 1800 - 1960s. The instruments were used for navigating and charting at sea and include compasses, sextants, quadrants, octants, chronometers, parallel rules, marine protractors, binoculars, telescopes and station pointers.&rft.creator=Anonymous&rft.date=2017&rft.coverage=London&rft.coverage=South Australia&rft.coverage=Port Adelaide, South Australia&rft.coverage=United Kingdom&rft_subject=Astronomical Instruments&rft_subject=Geographic Location&rft_subject=Latitude&rft_subject=Longitude&rft_subject=Marine Charts&rft_subject=Navigation&rft_subject=Water Transport&rft_subject=Chronometer&rft_subject=Compass&rft_subject=Nautical Instruments&rft_subject=Octant&rft_subject=Quadrant&rft_subject=Sextant&rft_subject=Ship Log&rft_subject=Telescope&rft_subject=Edward Massey&rft_subject=I C. Piers&rft_subject=Port Adelaide Institute&rft_subject=Port Adelaide Nautical Museum&rft_subject=Sawtell Opticians&rft_subject=South Australian Maritime Museum&rft_subject=Spencer, Browning & Rust&rft_subject=Troughton & Simms&rft_subject=Nautical Equipment&rft_subject=Navigational Instruments&rft_subject=Navigational Equipment&rft.type=dataset&rft.language=English Access the data

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Brief description

This collection comprises approximately forty nautical instruments dating from 1800 - 1960s. The instruments were used for navigating and charting at sea and include compasses, sextants, quadrants, octants, chronometers, parallel rules, marine protractors, binoculars, telescopes and station pointers.

Full description

This collection of forty nautical instruments were mostly acquired via the Port Adelaide Institute, established in 1876 (later the Port Adelaide Nautical Museum). The collection includes examples from some of the finest and most notable nautical instrument manufacturers from the UK and Australia including Spencer, Browning & Rust, London 1784 to 1840, Troughton & Simms, and British instrument maker Edward Massey who obtained at least six British patents on ship logs and other nautical measuring instruments between 1802 and 1848. The collection also includes instruments from Port Adelaide instrument makers including I C. Piers, first listed in 1879, and Sawtell Opticians, a company operating from the 19th century that manufactured chronometers, compasses, barometers, and telescopes and published nautical almanacs and navigational guides. Many of the instruments are retained in their original purpose built wooden cases.

Significance

This is a highly significant collection of rare and often valuable instruments used for navigating at sea. Some of them have clear provenance and were sourced from vessels that voyaged to South Australia or worked in South Australian waters. The instruments were used to calculate longitude and latitude and to chart the coastline. While today most vessels rely on GPS (Global Positioning System), seafarers previously had to rely on compasses, precision clocks (chronometers) and readings taken from celestial bodies. The selection of instruments provides insights into the finely honed navigational skills demanded of early seafarers. It includes examples of the same instrument from various eras and clearly illustrates how nautical technology has changed and evolved over time. Most of the instruments are exquisitely crafted.

Data time period: 1800 to 1969

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Spatial Coverage And Location

text: London

text: South Australia

text: Port Adelaide, South Australia

text: United Kingdom