Dataset

Shark and fin-fish surveys of Indian Ocean atoll reefs using baited remote underwater video stations (BRUVS (TM))

Australian Institute of Marine Science
Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS)
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ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Adc&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2FANDS&rft_id=http://apps.aims.gov.au/metadata/view/4c3d9d10-6652-11dc-b5b7-00008a07204e&rft.title=Shark and fin-fish surveys of Indian Ocean atoll reefs using baited remote underwater video stations (BRUVS (TM))&rft.identifier=http://apps.aims.gov.au/metadata/view/4c3d9d10-6652-11dc-b5b7-00008a07204e&rft.publisher=Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS)&rft.description=Two field surveys were undertaken for this study. In June 2003, Mermaid Reef (Rowley Shoals, unfished MPA) and Scott Reef (MOU74 Box, currently fished) were surveyed. In October 2004, Ashmore and Cartier Reefs (MOU74 Box, historically fished) and Clerke and Imperieuse Reefs (Rowley Shoals, unfished MPAs) were surveyed. \n \nIn both field surveys, BRUVS (TM) were deployed in 2 modes. Firstly, at all reefs they were deployed along depth contour lines with each unit separated by approximately 400m in the shallow (5-30m) reef crest and deeper reef slope (40-70m) on the outside of reefs, and on the lagoon floor (20-30m) where these could be accessed by surface vessels. Secondly, at Scott, Ashmore and Mermaid Reefs a zodiac was allowed to drift in deep (50-300m+) water 500 m off the edge of drop offs and BRUVS (TM) hung from the side at 15 m depth. \n \nThe total numbers of benthic BRUVS (TM) deployments at each locality were: Ashmore Reef, 58; Cartier Reef, 6; Scott Reef, 24; Mermaid Reef, 30; Clerke Reef, 24; and Imperieuse Reef, 41. The majority of reef deployments occurred in deep (40-70m) water and all deployments (including zodiac deployments) were spread throughout daylight hours from 07.00 - 16.00 hrs. \n \nIn the 2003 pilot surveys, at Mermaid and Scott Reefs, interrogation of each tape provided the time the BRUVS (TM) settled on the seabed and for each shark: its species; the time of first sighting; time of first feeding at the bait; a coarse initial estimate of length; and a list of fish species. This enabled the identification of different sharks on each tape for cumulative summaries of shark visits to be developed for each BRUVS (TM) set. \n \nIn the 2004 surveys at Ashmore, Cartier, Clerke and Imperieuse Reefs, interrogation of each tape provided the time the BRUVS (TM) settled on the seabed and, for each species of shark and fish, the time of first sighting, time of first feeding at the bait, the maximum number seen together in any one time on the whole tape (MaxN), the time at which MaxN occurred, and the intraspecific and interspecific behaviour. No attempts at measurement were made in these 2004 surveys, but fish and sharks were classified as 'adult' or 'juvenile', based on their size. A 'reference collection' of images of each species was made from the BRUVS (TM) tapes, and identifications based on these images were verified by taxonomists and other fish biologists. The benthos visible in each BRUVS (TM) set was classified and an image was stored for later reference.\n In 2003, the deployment of BRUVS (TM) was investigated as part of a pilot study to develop non-destructive techniques for rapid assessment of shark abundance in northern Australia. \n \nThese data were later included in a larger study of reefs within the MOU74 Box and the Rowley Shoals, with the following aims: \n1) to sample fish and shark assemblages at Ashmore and Cartier Reefs within the MOU74 Box (historically fished reefs, now Marine Protected Areas - MPAs) and Clerke and Imperieuse Reefs (unfished reefs) in the Rowley Shoals. \n2) to integrate data from the 2003 BRUVS (TM) surveys (Scott Reef- presently fished, MOU74 Box, and Mermaid Reef, MPA, Rowley Shoals) into results to provide a comprehensive picture of the status of shark stocks within the MOU74 Box in comparison to unfished reefs (Rowley Shoals) nearby. \n3) to provide a preliminary assessment of the status of reef fishes on Ashmore and Cartier Reefs within the MOU74 Box (historically fished reefs, now MPAs) in comparison to Clerke and Imperieuse Reefs (unfished reefs) in the Rowley Shoals.\n In recognition of the long standing use of marine resources of northern reefs as a small scale, traditional fishery, the Australian and Indonesian governments negotiated a memorandum of understanding (MOU74) that allows access by Indonesian fishermen to an area of 50,000 km² within the Australian Exclusive Economic Zone (AEEZ). Within this area lie 6 coral reef systems, the northern most of which are Ashmore and Cartier Reefs. Concern over the status of stocks of reef resources targeted by Indonesian fishermen led to a ban on all fishing at Ashmore Reef in 1988 and at Cartier Reef in 2000. One small area of the West Island lagoon of Ashmore Reef was made exempt from this restriction to allow subsistence fishing by crews. The primary aim of this restriction was to allow over-fished stocks of bêche-de-mer and trochus to recover. While a variety of surveys had concluded that there was little evidence that reef fishes had been over-exploited on reefs within the MOU74 Box, there was little evidence on which the status of shark resources could be assessed. \n \nThe child records attached to this record refer to benthic BRUVS (TM) deployments only.\nStatement: Coarse measurements of the total length of the largest individuals of some species were made by comparing them with the scale grids on the bait arm. These measurements could be made only when the sharks were perpendicular to the camera and immediately next to, or between the scale grids (see Harvey et al. 2003). \n \nHarvey ES, Cappo M, Shortis MR, Robson S, Buchanan J, Speare P (2003) The accuracy and precision of underwater measurements of length and maximum body depth of southern bluefin tuna (Thunnus maccoyii) with a stereo-video camera system. Fisheries Research 63: 315-326. \n&rft.creator=Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) &rft.date=2014&rft.relation=http://data.aims.gov.au/extpubs/do/viewPub.do?articleId=7284&rft.relation=http://data.aims.gov.au/extpubs/do/viewPub.do?articleId=6785&rft.relation=http://data.aims.gov.au/extpubs/do/viewPub.do?articleId=6696&rft.coverage=northlimit=-12.152425; southlimit=-12.358602; westlimit=122.863767; eastLimit=123.226817&rft.coverage=northlimit=-12.152425; southlimit=-12.358602; westlimit=122.863767; eastLimit=123.226817&rft.coverage=northlimit=-12.472869; southlimit=-12.566499; westlimit=123.499302; eastLimit=123.6068&rft.coverage=northlimit=-12.472869; southlimit=-12.566499; westlimit=123.499302; eastLimit=123.6068&rft.coverage=northlimit=-13.833283; southlimit=-14.27023; westlimit=121.687909; eastLimit=122.023691&rft.coverage=northlimit=-13.833283; southlimit=-14.27023; westlimit=121.687909; eastLimit=122.023691&rft.coverage=northlimit=-17.001171; southlimit=-17.159543; westlimit=119.584023; eastLimit=119.663401&rft.coverage=northlimit=-17.001171; southlimit=-17.159543; westlimit=119.584023; eastLimit=119.663401&rft.coverage=northlimit=-17.227155; southlimit=-17.410484; westlimit=119.298285; eastLimit=119.402718&rft.coverage=northlimit=-17.227155; southlimit=-17.410484; westlimit=119.298285; eastLimit=119.402718&rft.coverage=northlimit=-17.476648; southlimit=-17.679335; westlimit=118.868911; eastLimit=118.988496&rft.coverage=northlimit=-17.476648; southlimit=-17.679335; westlimit=118.868911; eastLimit=118.988496&rft_rights=All AIMS data, products and services are provided as is and AIMS does not warrant their fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement. While AIMS has made every reasonable effort to ensure high quality of the data, products and services, to the extent permitted by law the data, products and services are provided without any warranties of any kind, either expressed or implied, including without limitation any implied warranties of title, merchantability, and fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement. AIMS make no representation or warranty that the data, products and services are accurate, complete, reliable or current. To the extent permitted by law, AIMS exclude all liability to any person arising directly or indirectly from the use of the data, products and services.&rft_rights=The data was collected under contract between AIMS and another party(s). Specific agreements for access and use of the data shall be negotiated separately. Contact the AIMS Data Centre (adc@aims.gov.au) for further information&rft_subject=oceans&rft.type=dataset&rft.language=English Access the data

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All AIMS data, products and services are provided "as is" and AIMS does not warrant their fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement. While AIMS has made every reasonable effort to ensure high quality of the data, products and services, to the extent permitted by law the data, products and services are provided without any warranties of any kind, either expressed or implied, including without limitation any implied warranties of title, merchantability, and fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement. AIMS make no representation or warranty that the data, products and services are accurate, complete, reliable or current. To the extent permitted by law, AIMS exclude all liability to any person arising directly or indirectly from the use of the data, products and services.

The data was collected under contract between AIMS and another party(s). Specific agreements for access and use of the data shall be negotiated separately. Contact the AIMS Data Centre (adc@aims.gov.au) for further information

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Brief description

Two field surveys were undertaken for this study. In June 2003, Mermaid Reef (Rowley Shoals, unfished MPA) and Scott Reef (MOU74 Box, currently fished) were surveyed. In October 2004, Ashmore and Cartier Reefs (MOU74 Box, historically fished) and Clerke and Imperieuse Reefs (Rowley Shoals, unfished MPAs) were surveyed. \n \nIn both field surveys, BRUVS (TM) were deployed in 2 modes. Firstly, at all reefs they were deployed along depth contour lines with each unit separated by approximately 400m in the shallow (5-30m) reef crest and deeper reef slope (40-70m) on the outside of reefs, and on the lagoon floor (20-30m) where these could be accessed by surface vessels. Secondly, at Scott, Ashmore and Mermaid Reefs a zodiac was allowed to drift in deep (50-300m+) water 500 m off the edge of drop offs and BRUVS (TM) hung from the side at 15 m depth. \n \nThe total numbers of benthic BRUVS (TM) deployments at each locality were: Ashmore Reef, 58; Cartier Reef, 6; Scott Reef, 24; Mermaid Reef, 30; Clerke Reef, 24; and Imperieuse Reef, 41. The majority of reef deployments occurred in deep (40-70m) water and all deployments (including zodiac deployments) were spread throughout daylight hours from 07.00 - 16.00 hrs. \n \nIn the 2003 pilot surveys, at Mermaid and Scott Reefs, interrogation of each tape provided the time the BRUVS (TM) settled on the seabed and for each shark: its species; the time of first sighting; time of first feeding at the bait; a coarse initial estimate of length; and a list of fish species. This enabled the identification of different sharks on each tape for cumulative summaries of shark visits to be developed for each BRUVS (TM) set. \n \nIn the 2004 surveys at Ashmore, Cartier, Clerke and Imperieuse Reefs, interrogation of each tape provided the time the BRUVS (TM) settled on the seabed and, for each species of shark and fish, the time of first sighting, time of first feeding at the bait, the maximum number seen together in any one time on the whole tape (MaxN), the time at which MaxN occurred, and the intraspecific and interspecific behaviour. No attempts at measurement were made in these 2004 surveys, but fish and sharks were classified as 'adult' or 'juvenile', based on their size. A 'reference collection' of images of each species was made from the BRUVS (TM) tapes, and identifications based on these images were verified by taxonomists and other fish biologists. The benthos visible in each BRUVS (TM) set was classified and an image was stored for later reference.\n In 2003, the deployment of BRUVS (TM) was investigated as part of a pilot study to develop non-destructive techniques for rapid assessment of shark abundance in northern Australia. \n \nThese data were later included in a larger study of reefs within the MOU74 Box and the Rowley Shoals, with the following aims: \n1) to sample fish and shark assemblages at Ashmore and Cartier Reefs within the MOU74 Box (historically fished reefs, now Marine Protected Areas - MPAs) and Clerke and Imperieuse Reefs (unfished reefs) in the Rowley Shoals. \n2) to integrate data from the 2003 BRUVS (TM) surveys (Scott Reef- presently fished, MOU74 Box, and Mermaid Reef, MPA, Rowley Shoals) into results to provide a comprehensive picture of the status of shark stocks within the MOU74 Box in comparison to unfished reefs (Rowley Shoals) nearby. \n3) to provide a preliminary assessment of the status of reef fishes on Ashmore and Cartier Reefs within the MOU74 Box (historically fished reefs, now MPAs) in comparison to Clerke and Imperieuse Reefs (unfished reefs) in the Rowley Shoals.\n In recognition of the long standing use of marine resources of northern reefs as a small scale, traditional fishery, the Australian and Indonesian governments negotiated a memorandum of understanding (MOU74) that allows access by Indonesian fishermen to an area of 50,000 km² within the Australian Exclusive Economic Zone (AEEZ). Within this area lie 6 coral reef systems, the northern most of which are Ashmore and Cartier Reefs. Concern over the status of stocks of reef resources targeted by Indonesian fishermen led to a ban on all fishing at Ashmore Reef in 1988 and at Cartier Reef in 2000. One small area of the West Island lagoon of Ashmore Reef was made exempt from this restriction to allow subsistence fishing by crews. The primary aim of this restriction was to allow over-fished stocks of bêche-de-mer and trochus to recover. While a variety of surveys had concluded that there was little evidence that reef fishes had been over-exploited on reefs within the MOU74 Box, there was little evidence on which the status of shark resources could be assessed. \n \nThe child records attached to this record refer to benthic BRUVS (TM) deployments only.\n

Lineage

Statement: Coarse measurements of the total length of the largest individuals of some species were made by comparing them with the scale grids on the bait arm. These measurements could be made only when the sharks were perpendicular to the camera and immediately next to, or between the scale grids (see Harvey et al. 2003). \n \nHarvey ES, Cappo M, Shortis MR, Robson S, Buchanan J, Speare P (2003) The accuracy and precision of underwater measurements of length and maximum body depth of southern bluefin tuna (Thunnus maccoyii) with a stereo-video camera system. Fisheries Research 63: 315-326. \n

Modified: 20191120

Data time period: 2003-06-01 to 2004-10-31

This dataset is part of a larger collection

Click to explore relationships graph

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